Prison Hoa Lò (Fournaise)
Construite à partir de 1897. Les plans sont de Vildieu. Le nom officiel est la Maison Centrale, mais le peuple de Hànôi l'appelle Hoa Lò (Fournaise). Un des derniers vestiges de l'architecture pénitentiaire coloniale française et monument historique : Hoàng Trong Mâu Nguyên Ðuc Công ( - 1915, VNQPH), Luong Van Can (1854 - 1927, Ðông Kinh Nghia Thuc), Nguyên Khac Cân , Ðang Ðinh Nhân, Phan Bôi Châu (1867 - 1940), Nguyên Thai Hoc (1901 - 1930, VNQDÐ), Pho Ðuc Chinh (1907 - 1930, VNQDÐ), Nguyên Chi Thiên, McCain, Peterson,...y ont séjourné. Les communistes par appât des billets verts ont presque complètement détruit leur Loubianka pour construire le Hànôi Tower Center
(Ecole primaire des enfants des apparatchiks Kinderworld, 3ème étage de la Hànôi Tower Center, frais scolaire annuel $ 1500, coût journalier de l'élève $ 30, salaire mensuel moyen d'un fonctionnaire $ 23)
The Hanoi Hilton
Unless you were there, one can only
imagine the horrors which took place in the POW camps in North Vietnam.
Here are a few facts, and the layout of the infamous "Hanoi Hilton". Check the "Zoo" out as well.
American nicknames: Hanoi Hilton, Camp One, Camp Unity, Heartbreak, Little Vegas, New Guy Village, West Court. (Some names apply only to specific locations within the prison - see map at right.)
The dates U.S. POWs were present:
August 11,1964 to March 28,1973
The French built this prison near the turn of the century, with construction completed in 1901. The name, Hoa Lo, means "portable earthen stove". In the 19th Century, several families lived on the land where the prison was later built. They manufactured earthen-ware hibachis, called "hoa lo". Streets became known by the name of the primary industry or commerce conducted on the street. In this instance, it became known as "Pho Hoa Lo", or "Hibachi Street." After the French built the prison, they renamed the street "rue de la Prison," or in Vietnamese, "Pho Nha Tu". When the French departed in 1954, the Vietnamese authorities changed the name of the street back to "Pho Hoa Lo" and the name of the prison to "Hoa Lo." Hoa Lo Street is the only street in Hanoi that has only one address on it... the prison. Some of the aging leaders of the Communist government in Hanoi were imprisoned there during the French era.
Retour à Hànôi